The African Buffalo, Affalo or Cape Buffalo is a large African bovid. Savannah type buffaloes weigh 500 to 900 kg, with the males being larger and heavier than the females. Forest type buffaloes are only half that size. The Buffalo has an unpredictable nature which makes it highly dangerous to humans. Unlike its Asian counterpart, the African Buffalo hasn’t been domesticated.

Buffalos live in herds of variable sizes; the basic herd is formed by related females, accompanied by sub-herds of bachelor males, high ranking males and females and old or invalid buffalos. The herd will stick close together when chased by predators and make it hard for the predator to pick off one member. The calves are gathered in the middle of the herd.